The painting was commissioned by the Amsterdam city council for the Town Hall. After the work had been in place briefly, it was returned to Rembrandt, who may have never been paid. Rembrandt drastically cut down the painting to a quarter of the original size to be sold. It is the last secular history painting he finished
Owned by the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, the painting has been at the Nationalmuseum of Art in Stockholm for more than 150 years, leaving Sweden only twice in that time, in 1925 and 1969.
Both of those occasions were for showings at the Rijksmuseum. The masterwork will be displayed in the Gallery of Honour starting 21 March 2014 in commemoration of the 400-year anniversary of bilateral relations between Sweden and the Netherlands. Rembrandt painted "The Conspiracy of the Batavians Under Claudius Civilis," Claudius Civilis for short, in 1661-1662 under a commission from the burgomasters of Amsterdam.