Apr 14 1865 Lincoln was shot; he was the first American President to be assassinated http://bit.ly/Lincoln_Speaks
Online version of the Exhibit: http://abrahamlincoln.org/lincoln-speaks-section/about/
Perhaps it's too optimistic and naive to believe that Lincoln, if he had lived, would have helped a genuine Reconstruction which gave the newly freed slaves a much better footing in the post-Civil War ear. It's another one of the tragedy's of American history that we will never know.
"The dangerous myth of Appomatox.."
ON April 9, 1865 — Palm Sunday — Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. Robert E. Lee negotiated their famous “Gentlemen’s Agreement” of surrender. In the ensuing celebration, a relieved Grant told his men, “The war is over.”
But Grant soon discovered he was wrong. Not only did fighting continue in pockets for weeks, but in other ways the United States extended the war for more than five years after Appomattox. Using its war powers to create freedom and civil rights in the South, the federal government fought against a white Southern insurgency that relied on murder and intimidation to undo the gains of the war.
...Once white Southern Democrats overthrew Reconstruction between the 1870s and 1890s, they utilized the Appomattox myth to erase the connection between the popular, neatly concluded Civil War and the continuing battles of Reconstruction. By the 20th century, history textbooks and popular films like “The Birth of a Nation” made the Civil War an honorable conflict among white Americans, and Reconstruction a corrupt racial tyranny of black over white (a judgment since overturned by historians like W. E. B. DuBois and Eric Foner).
Win the battles but lose the war...