He considered these questions closely and asked “What beauty is, I know not, though it adheres to many things…” Regarded as the force behind the German Renaissance, Dürer revolutionized drawing in Northern Europe and altered ideas of beauty. At the time empirical observation was becoming increasingly valued, and Durer was able to find beauty in the natural world around him. Using his unrivaled talents as a draftsman, he placed drawing front and center by showing its value as an intimate connection between the artist’s hand and immediate world. (essay from a show at the Morgan).
The same year that Albrecht Dürer created his famous rhinoceros woodcut, the German artist also collaborated on the first star charts printed in Europe. The 1515 maps of constellations in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere combined the scientific knowledge of the stars with Dürer’s illustrations. Star Maps of 1515.
Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History