Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins (July 25, 1844 - June 25, 1916) was an American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator. He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history. In this image: A person views Thomas Eakins' "The Gross Clinic," at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia, on Jan. 5, 2007. To help finance a $68 million deal to keep the masterpiece in Philadelphia, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts said Wednesday, Jan. 31, 2007, that it has sold another Eakins painting, "The Cello Player."
Back in 2010, I wrote about him when LACMA was displaying “The Wrestlers:
Realism in the United States: The Gross Clinic https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-americas/us-art-19c/realism-us/a/eakins-the-gross-clinic
Here is a link to an article that claims that Eakins was a latent homosexual - based on his paintings of male nudes. I don't buy the argument - painting nudes of both sexes was common practice before the advent of abstract expressionism but it's interesting to read how a critic can take apart a painting and read something into it that most of us never think about.
Concordia Undergraduate Journal of Art History: Naked and Exposed: A Historical, Psychosexual and Comparative Analysis of Thomas Eakins’s Masterpiece, The Swimming. by Laurie Figliano