|Movement in Squares, 1961|
Riley, Bridget , 1931
Bridget Riley studied at Goldsmiths College (1949–52) and at the Royal College of Art (1952–55) in London. Riley represented Great Britain at the Venice Biennale in 1968 where she was the first British artist to be awarded the International Prize for Painting. Movement in Squares (1961) is an important early example of Riley’s mature and distinctive style, and the artist herself sees the work as marking the beginning of her breakthrough into pure abstraction. Working only in black and white, Riley used simple geometric shapes – squares in this instance – to create an intense and unsettling optical experience. The height of the squares remains constant across the entire canvas, but minute differences in the width creates the sense of a structural contraction towards the centre of the painting.
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