Saturday, May 13, 2017

Born on this day. Georges Braque, Ole Worm, Willhelm Schubert van Ehrenberg

Georges Braque, 1909, La Roche-Guyon, le château (The Castle at Roche-Guyon), oil on canvas, 80 x 59.5 cm, Moderna Museet, Stockholm

Quite an eclectic group of artists born on this day: "Art is made to disturb, science reassures." - Georges Braque, born on this day in 1882.

Georges Braque was a major 20th century French painter and sculptor who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed the art movement known as Cubism. Braque believed that an artist experienced beauty "in terms of volume, of line, of mass, of weight, and through that beauty [he] interprets a subjective impression..."

He described "objects shattered into fragments as a way of getting closest to the object. "Fragmentation  helped me to establish space and movement in space." He adopted a monochromatic and neutral color palette in the belief that such a palette would work simultaneously with the form, instead of interfering with the viewer's conception of space; and would focus, rather than distract, the viewer from the subject matter of the painting.

Trained as a housepainter like his father and grandfather, Georges Braque moved to Paris in 1900 to pursue a fine art career. Seven years later he met Pablo Picasso, and by 1908 the two artists were working in concert to develop the revolutionary style of Cubism. Braque is overshadowed by his famous friend, but their impersonal painting style of the Cubist period makes their work often indistinguishable.

Braque invented papier collé, or pasted paper, in 1912. This merging of painting or drawing with collaged real-world elements marked a radical break with prior art, which relied exclusively on illusionistic rendering. The technique was immediately taken up by Picasso and had an enormous impact on subsequent generations of artists.

Braque and Picasso's working relationship ended when Braque enlisted in the army in 1914. Wounded in World War I, he moved to the French coast, where he continued to explore representational structure in still lifes and figure studies.

Born on this day in 1588 in Aarhus: Ole Worm, Danish physician & collector of everything. Famed for his cabinet of wonders.

The early twentieth century horror author H. P. Lovecraft mentions Ole Worm (using his Latinized name "Olaus Wormius") as one of the translators of the fictional book Al Azif (commonly known as the Necronomicon). Horror writer Anders Fager has elaborated this myth in several of his tales.

Interior of a Catholic Church. By Wilhelm Schubert van Ehrenberg, born this day 1630.

A dungeon interior with elegant figures, a collaboration with Hieronymous Janssens. Wikipedia
A Flemish painter mainly active in Antwerp who specialized in architectural paintings including of real and imaginary church interiors, Renaissance palaces and picture galleries

1 comment:

Carla Ives said...

Big birthday in the art world! I'm not so sure about Picasso's friend Braque, but I do like the one of the castle (first one posted). On Ole Worm, I can see how his work would be used in horror works. My favorite today would be van Ehrenberg. I like his realism, even if some of the interiors are imaginary.