Thursday, April 12, 2018

Robert Delaunay, Born on this day in 1885.

"Painting is by nature a luminous language." -- Robert Delaunay, artist and co-founder of the Orphism art movement, born on this day in 1885. 

Red Eiffel Tower, painted in 1911 to celebrate his engagement to fellow artist, Sonia Terk, (later Sonia Delaunay)

The Orphism movement was noted for is use of strong colors and geometric shape. But Delaunay's later work was more abstract, reminiscent of Paul Klee. 

Influenced by neo-Impressionism and Signac's pointillism, he created forms using mosaic shaped squares of color. He would leave small areas blank to create a sense of space and light; his influence on painters such as Kandinsky was immense. 
His work developed into proto-Cubism in which complex geometric shapes were fragmented. These dynamic canvases celebrated urban life as evidence by Delaunay's often repeated motif of the Eiffel Tower. 

Delaunay wrote that the "breaking up of form by light creates colored planes... [that] are the structure of the picture... nature is no longer a subject for description but a pretext." Eventually, he abandoned "images or reality that come to corrupt the order of color" - thus turning to complete abstraction.

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